On Tuesday last, May 9th the Alpha-1 Action Group called to the Department of Health to present a letter to the Minister for Health Simon Harris TD. The Alpha One Foundation were asked to share the letter written by the group, which outlines their concerns about future access to Respreeza and requests an urgent meeting with the Minister to discuss the situation.

Members of the Alpha-1 Action Group also met with a number of TDs in Dáil Eireann and would like to thank these politicians for their continued support.


A1AG Hawkins House group


A1AG OKeeffe Butler Lawless FB


A1AG MHealyRae FB

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Pharmaceutical Company Deadline Looms for 21 Alpha-1 Patients On Life-Changing Respreeza Therapy.

With just 30 days to go, the clock is ticking towards a May 31 deadline when pharmaceutical company, CSL Behring, has indicated that it will withdraw its Respreeza therapy from 21 patients with the condition known as Alpha-1 (or genetic emphysema).

Against this backdrop, on behalf of patients, the Alpha One Foundation is today imploring the company to lift its proposed cut-off of the drug. It is also calling on both CSL Behring and the HSE and Department of Health to enter into real and meaningful discussions to agree a fair price for reimbursement of the therapy. Respreeza is the only therapy shown to slow the progression of Alpha-1, resulting in a decrease in the frequency and severity of chest infections and associated hospital admissions.

HSE Respreeza group 

Kitty O'Connor, Chief Executive of the Alpha One Foundation, comments:

"May 31 is the latest deadline from the pharmaceutical company, CSL Behring, when it has said it will remove the life-changing Respreeza therapy from 21 patients with Alpha-1 on the island of Ireland." 
"The vast majority of these patients generously participated in a clinical trial here which was a vital part of its initial clinical research. The company argues that it has continued to provide this therapy to people on compassionate use grounds. However, we believe that it is unfair that patients who have served the company so well should continue to live under a cloud of deadline after deadline, with all the stress and worry that involves, and on top of having to manage a very challenging condition."

"Therefore, the Alpha One Foundation is calling on CSL Behring, in a spirit of goodwill, to lift the May deadline to allow for discussions to take place in a calm and conducive atmosphere."

"The Alpha One Foundation is also calling on the HSE and the Department of Health to meet such a goodwill gesture from the company with a real commitment to enter into meaningful negotiations to arrive at a price for the therapy that is favourable to all concerned." 

"The Alpha One Foundation met with the HSE in February. We pointed out new research demonstrating the positive impact and benefits of Respreeza which we believe had not been properly taken into account as part of the initial NCPE decision. We asked for the HSE and, in turn, the Department of Health to look at this new evidence objectively."

"Since then, we are aware of one meeting having taken place between the HSE and CSL Behring, however, there has been no indication of any progress made. While welcome that both parties have had some engagement, we need a renewed sense of urgency that will bring this protracted period of uncertainty for patients to a timely and positive conclusion." 

"This is not only important for the 21 patients who are already lucky enough to be on the therapy. It is of even more vital consequence for the estimated 40 others whose quality of life and life expectancy continue to be adversely impacted by not having access to the therapy." 

"The Alpha One Foundation is keenly aware that ground-breaking new therapies for rare conditions require a lot of investment in research and, when weighing up whether such investment is worthwhile in their eyes, pharmaceutical companies will look at the small numbers of patients who have the potential to benefit. However, the Alpha One Foundation firmly believes that research can't just be confined to the more common health conditions ̶ we have to encourage research into rare diseases and disorders too."

"Equally, we are mindful that the taxpayer should also receive best value for money. That is why we have advocated outcomes-based models of access and why we are urging CSL Behring to be realistic in its pricing proposals. It is important also to acknowledge the savings that will be made elsewhere in the health system as a result of decreased hospitalisations and requirement for other drugs." 

"With the right attitude and approach, we are certain that there can be a positive outcome that goes a considerable way to satisfying the needs of all the parties concerned."

"This therapy has already been approved by the European Medicines Agency which clearly sees it benefits."

"It is available in eight European countries ̶ Italy, France, Germany, the Czech Republic, the Netherlands, Spain, Greece, and Slovakia. It's time to add the Republic of Ireland to that list. It's time to put patient's lives first."

"Living Proof" 
Johnny Hannan, age 67, from Mallow in Cork, is one of the patients to have taken part in the clinical trial for Respreeza in Ireland. He is also at the centre of a social media campaign by a group of young people who have created a video to show their solidarity and garner support, and which has already received over 40,000 views - https://www.facebook.com/sharetosupportjohnnyswonderdrug. He comments:
"I am on the drug Respreeza for over ten years and I am living proof that it works. Some time ago I was told that I might not live to see my 60th birthday. I am now 67 and am a very healthy man again thanks to Respreeza. It has changed my life around and that of my fellow patients. Since September 2016 I have been receiving Respreeza on a month-by-month basis only from CSL Behring, with constant deadlines ahead which is very stressful and grossly unfair. I also find it ironic that the Government funds a detection programme for Alpha-1, but then refuses to fund a proven treatment for the condition. I am very anxious and worried at the lack of progress by the Department of Health, the HSE and CSL Behring in resolving this horrible impasse. As a tax-paying Irish citizen, I deserve a reasonable quality of life, and I would urge all parties to re-engage and agree a practical price to allow me and my fellow patients to have access to Respreeza into the future."

"Thought I was Going to Die"
Gillian Acheson, age 52, from Glaslough in County Monaghan, is one of the patients who is losing out on the benefits of Respreeza. She comments:
"Alpha-1 is a very frightening disease. You can get out of breath very quickly. Sometimes you can have panic attacks after doing something stressful, but simple. For instance, I was vacuuming one day. I thought I was OK but suddenly I could not get my breath. I felt weak and started to sweat hot and cold. I sat down and tried to get my breath. It took me 15 minutes to come back to normal. I thought I was going to die. I have a young child who is always wanting me to play with her and I feel terrible because I just can’t do it. If I had this therapy it could make such a difference to my life. Even if it could slow down the illness and let you live a little longer. I would like to see my daughter’s wedding day."

Issued on behalf of the Alpha One Foundation by: Don Delaney, d2 communications, telephone 01 910 8987 / 087 793 3249 or email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

About Alpha-1
Alpha-1 antitrypsin is a protein whose main job is to protect the lungs from infection and tobacco smoke. Deficiency of this protein can lead to severe lung, liver and skin problems, with the majority of people with Alpha-1 presenting, at some stage in their lives, with emphysema or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
The Alpha One Foundation is aware of over 350 people who have been diagnosed with the severe form of Alpha-1 in Ireland, with some of these – depending on their exposure to toxins such as tobacco smoke – developing emphysema as a result. However, it is estimated that 3,000 people have severe Alpha-1 but have yet to be diagnosed.
About Respreeza
Respreeza works by replacing the protein that is lacking in patients with alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency and slows down damage to the lungs in patients with severe disease. It is delivered once-weekly by intravenous infusion.
About the Alpha One Foundation
The Alpha One Foundation was founded in 2001 to raise awareness, increase diagnosis, promote research, and improve the treatment of Alpha-1. Ireland has among the highest prevalence of the condition in Europe. It is estimated that 3,000 people have severe Alpha-1 on the island of Ireland, with up to 250,000 people with a milder form of the condition at increased risk of lung disease, particularly if they smoke.

Alpha-1 patients receiving the life-changing therapy Respreeza protested outside the offices of the Health Service Executive (HSE) at the end of February to demand that the HSE and Minister commit to long-term funding of the drug. The patients said the treatment is highly effective and had changed their lives after the HSE agreed to engage in discussions with the company who supply the drug. 

Josephine Orla Gerry HSE

Respreeza is used to treat emphysema caused by severe Alpha-1, which is particularly prevalent in Ireland. 21 patients have been receiving the therapy during the past 10 years, initially as part of a clinical trial and more recently on ‘temporary’ compassionate grounds from the drug company, while a funding case was being made to the HSE. Despite continued lobbying by patients, their families and their representative organisation the Alpha One Foundation, the HSE has thus far declined to fund the treatment – as was confirmed in early February in the Oireachtas by HSE Director General, Tony O’Brien. The drug company supplying the treatment on compassionate grounds to 21 patients was due to cease supply at the end of February, but yesterday announced a stay of a further two months until the end of April.

The Chairperson of the Alpha One Foundation Professor Gerry McElvaney, CEO Kitty O’Connor and several Alpha-1 patients met with HSE officials on February 23rd to discuss the matter. Speaking after the meeting, Ms O’Connor confirmed that the HSE had agreed to engage directly with the drug company CSL Behring to see if a resolution could be reached. She welcomed this development from the HSE and encouraged that all avenues be explored. She also called on CSL Behring to lift the two month deadline and for the necessary time to be allowed for the HSE and company to engage and negotiate.

“It is the Minister for Health’s responsibility to ensure the health of our citizens. It is also important to remember this issue involves more than the 17 people in the Republic of Ireland (and 4 in Northern Ireland) who have had the benefit of Respreeza to date. What about the other estimated 40 who could potentially benefit – shouldn’t they have a chance of a better life too?

Alpha-1 patient Gerry Finnerty, who was part of the delegation which met with the HSE, said he was in no doubt about the difference Respreeza had made to his life. “I have a right to live. Without this treatment I might not be alive. This drug is necessary and is proven. It has been approved by the European Medicines Agency and is approved in eight other EU countries,” he said.

Another Respreeza user John Hannan from Cork was also in no doubt about the treatment. “Respreeza works. I would not be here today without this treatment. Health Minister Simon Harris needs to meet with Respreeza patients and hear what we have to say,” he said.

Speaking about the proven effectiveness of Alpha-1 Kitty O’Connor continued: “Respreeza is the only therapy to have been shown to slow the progression of emphysema caused by severe Alpha-1. This was demonstrated in the RAPID study which featured 180 patients and was conducted in 13 countries worldwide under the supervision of 29 principal investigators. Published in The Lancet in July 2015, the study found those treated with Respreeza saw a 34 per cent slowing down in the progression of their emphysema.

“In further research undertaken by the Alpha One Foundation, these patients on Respreeza also reported a decrease in the frequency and severity of chest infections and associated hospital admissions. Respreeza is a drug that has been approved by the European Medicines Agency and which is already available to patients in eight European countries – Italy, France, Germany, the Czech Republic, Austria, the Netherlands and Spain – as well as in the United States. The European Medicines Agency and these other countries can see the benefits, so why can't the Minister?”

About Respreeza
Respreeza is a medicine for use in adults with emphysema caused by alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, an inherited disorder that can cause lung problems such as emphysema and COPD and which may also affect the liver and skin. It works by replacing the protein that is lacking in patients with alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency and slows down damage to the lungs in patients with severe disease. It is delivered once-weekly by intravenous infusion.

To read more about Respreeza and the RAPID study click here.

What is Alpha-1 Antitrypsin?
Alpha-1 antitrypsin is a vital protein produced by the liver to protect the lungs. It provides protection from the harmful effects of infections and inhaled irritants, particularly tobacco smoke. It can be easily measured by a simple blood test. 
What is Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency?
Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (Alpha-1) is a genetic condition which, after cystic fibrosis, is the commonest genetic disorder in Ireland. It severely affects more than 15,000 people, with another 250,000 carriers also at risk of lung and liver disease on the island of Ireland. It is a proven genetic risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
How Do I Get Tested?
The Alpha One Foundation provides free testing for Alpha-1 as part of a national screening programme which is funded by the HSE. For more details ring 01-8093871 or email alpha1@rcsi.ie.